By the most likely account, Khrushchev prepared an elaborate ambush, convening a meeting of the Presidium on 26 June, where he suddenly launched a scathing attack on Beria, accusing him of being a traitor and spy in the pay of British intelligence. Accounts of Beria's fall vary considerably. In one case, Beria picked up Tatiana Okunevskaya, a well-known Soviet actress, under the pretence of bringing her to perform for the Politburo. Khrushchev's opportunity came in June 1953 when a spontaneous uprising against the East German Communist regime broke out in East Berlin. Transliteration Lavrentij Pavlovič Berija; * 17. / 29. These men were frequently accused of Zionism, "rootless cosmopolitanism", and providing weapons to Israel. Altogether, 14 Czechoslovak Communist leaders, 11 of them Jewish, were tried, convicted, and executed (see Slánský trial). In 1953, Nikita Krushchev ordered Beria to be executed as a traitor. Very soon, Deputy Minister Stepan Mamulov of the Soviet Ministry of Internal Affairs was the only close Beria ally left outside foreign intelligence, on which Beria kept a grip. [41][42][43] Beria said of East Germany "It's not even a real state but one kept in being only by Soviet troops."[44]. However, the new NKVD chief, Sergei Kruglov, was not a Beria man. Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria was certainly one of the most vicious and mysterious figures of Stalin's era. In the 2008 BBC documentary series World War II: Behind Closed Doors, Beria was portrayed by Polish actor Krzysztof Dracz [pl]. Eventually, he ordered Sarkisov to destroy the list as a security risk, but Sarkisov retained a secret copy. He used the opportunity to settle many old scores in the politically turbulent Transcaucasian republics. Lavrenty Beria, the son of a landowner in Abkhazia, was born near Sukhumi, Russia, on 29th March, 1899. Accepting it implied that the sex had been consensual; refusal would mean arrest. In 1919, at the age of twenty, Beria started his career in state security when the security service of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic hired him while he was still a student at the Polytechnicum. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema Lavrenti Beria sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. Né en Géorgie dans une famille de paysans, Beria adhère au Parti communiste en 1917 à Bakou, où il obtient son diplôme d'architecte en 1919. Lavrentij Berija ( [21] Starting in 1948, Abakumov initiated several investigations against these leaders, which culminated with the arrest in November 1952 of Rudolf Slánský, Bedřich Geminder, and others in Czechoslovakia. Those executed included Zhdanov's deputy, Alexey Kuznetsov; the economic chief, Nikolai Voznesensky; the Party head in Leningrad, Pyotr Popkov; and the Prime Minister of the Russian Republic, Mikhail Rodionov.[20]. [citation needed]. En 1921, il … After the Red Army captured the city on 28 April 1920, Beria was saved from execution because there was not enough time to arrange his shooting and replacement; it may also have been that Sergei Kirov intervened. Molotov and others quickly spoke against Beria one after the other, followed by a motion by Khrushchev for his instant dismissal. In July 1945, as Soviet police ranks were converted to a military uniform system, Beria's rank was officially converted to that of Marshal of the Soviet Union. Il occupe ce poste pendant deux mois en Rotfeld, Adam Daniel; Torkunov, Anatoly (2015). After Stalin's death in March 1953, Beria became First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers and head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. May it rot on your grave!" But it was not to be. (eds). Lavrenti Pavlovich Beria, the head of Joseph Stalin's dreaded secret police apparatus, was born in Merkheuli, Russia, on March 29, 1899. This was the beginning of Beria's alliance with Malenkov, which later became of central importance. Lavrenti Pavlovitch Beria (Lavrenti Pavles dze Beria, en géorgien : ლავრენტი პავლეს ძე ბერია ; Lavrentiï Pavlovitch Beria, en russe : Лавре́нтий Па́влович Бе́рия), né le 29 mars 1899 à Merkheoul (Empire russe, actuelle république séparatiste d'Abkhazie) et mort le 23 décembre 1953 à … At the opening of Kingsley Amis' The Alteration, Lavrentiy Beria figures as "Monsignor Laurentius", paired with the similarly black-clad cleric "Monsignor Henricus" of the Holy Office (i.e., the Inquisition); the one to whom Beria was compared by Stalin in our own timeline: Heinrich Himmler. Skip to content. Beria attended the Baku Polytechnicum and joined the Bolsheviks in … With Stalin's approval, Beria's NKVD executed them in what became known as the Katyn massacre. The enraged Beria declared, "Now it's not a bouquet, it's a wreath! Lavrentij Pavlovitj Berija; georgisk: ლავრენტი ბერია, tr. The "Doctors' plot" was presumably invented by Stalin as an excuse to dismiss Beria and replace him with Ignatyev or some other MGB functionary. Stalin gave it absolute priority, and the project was completed in under five years.[4]. Lavrenty Pavlovich Beria (or Lavrentiy Beria) (29 March 1899– 23 December 1953) was the leader of the secret police of the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin 's regime. [57] According to Martin Sixsmith, in a BBC documentary, "Beria spent his nights having teenagers abducted from the streets and brought here for him to rape. When the death sentence was passed, according to General Moskalenko, Beria fell to the floor and begged on his knees for mercy. His close ally Malenkov was the new Premier and initially the most powerful man in the post-Stalin leadership. Lavrentij Pavlovítsj Beria (Лавре́нтий Па́влович Бе́рия á kyrillísku letri; ლავრენტი პავლეს ძე ბერია á georgísku) (29. mars 1899 – 23. desember 1953) var sovéskur stjórnmálamaður, hermarskálkur Sovétríkjanna og lengi formaður leyniþjónustunnar NKVD í stjórnartíð Jósefs Stalín. Troops in Security of Railway Infrastructure, Troops in Security of Industrial Infrastructure of Specially Importance, This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 04:59. La bande sonore est de Gilbert Courtois. Beria angrily dismissed his claims as panic-mongering and quickly left, ordering him, "Don't bother us, don't cause a panic and don't disturb Comrade Stalin! Lavrenti Pavlovitsj Beria (Russisch: Лавре́нтий Па́влович Бе́рия, Georgisch: ლავრენტი ბერია, Lavrenti Pavles dze Beria) (Mercheoeli, 29 maart 1899 – Moskou, 23 december 1953) was een Sovjet-Russisch politicus van Georgische afkomst (de zogenoemde 'Georgische groep' binnen de communistische partij, waar ook Stalin toe behoorde). Beria was born out of wedlock in Merkheuli, near Sukhumi, in the Sukhumi district of Kutaisi governorate (now Gulripshi District, Georgia, then part of the Russian Empire). Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Current Intelligence. He was an extremely controversial personality in the history of the USSR and went through a long political path full of … [19] Kruglov and Abakumov moved expeditiously to replace Beria's men in the security apparatus leadership with new people. He soon succeeded Yezhov, who was shot on Stalin’s orders, apparently at Beria’s prompting. Véritable gangster tout droit sorti d’un film noir hollywoodien : borsalino, imper noir à épaulettes, gros nœud de cravate. Born to a poor peasant family in Georgia Lavrenthi Beria was ambitious since his young days. Scores of Soviet Jews were dismissed from their jobs, arrested, sent to the Gulag, or executed. Beria was born in the present day Republic of Georgia on March 29, 1899. Lavrentiy Beria was a brutal Head of the Soviet NKVD/KGB (Secrete Political Police) during 1938-1953. Georgian film director Tengiz Abuladze based the character of dictator Varlam Aravidze on Beria in his 1984 film Repentance. Stalin had voted to appoint Georgy Malenkov as head of the NKVD, but he was over-ruled. He joined the Bolshevik wing of the Communist Party in 1917 and was active in Stalin's native Georgia during the October 1917 Revolution. Beria - Le Janus du Kremlin (Politique) (French Edition) eBook: Francoise Thom, Françoise Thom: Kindle-Shop After dining, Beria would take the women into his soundproofed office and rape them. During this time, he began to attack fellow members of the Georgian Communist Party, particularly Gaioz Devdariani, who served as Minister of Education of the Georgian SSR. [29] While the rest of Stalin's inner circle (even Molotov, saved from certain liquidation) stood sobbing unashamedly over the body, Beria reportedly appeared "radiant", "regenerated" and "glistening with ill-concealed relish". [40], Khrushchev opposed the alliance between Beria and Malenkov but he was initially unable to challenge them. [27], Khrushchev wrote in his memoirs that Beria had, immediately after Stalin's stroke, gone about "spewing hatred against [Stalin] and mocking him". A coup d'état by Nikita Khrushchev, with help from Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov in June 1953, removed Beria from power. Join Facebook to connect with Lavrenti Beria and others you may know. Märzjul./ 29. Beria administered the vast expansion of the Gulag labour camps, and was primarily responsible for overseeing the secret detention facilities for scientists and engineers known as sharashkas. An ethnic Mingrelian (a small nation closely-related to Georgians), during the Russian Civil War (1918-1921) he specialized in spying and undercover operations for the Bolsheviks in neighboring Azerbaijan. 17 March] 1899 – 23 December 1953) was a Georgian Bolshevik and Soviet politician, Marshal of the Soviet Union and state security administrator, chief of the Soviet security, and chief of the People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (NKVD) under Joseph Stalin during World War II, and promoted to deputy premier under Stalin from 1941. The play is a fictionalised account of the events leading up to Stalin's death. [25] Beria's decision to avoid immediately calling a doctor was tacitly supported (or at least not opposed) by the rest of the Politburo, which was rudderless without Stalin's micromanagement and paralysed by a legitimate fear he would suddenly recover and take reprisals on anyone who had dared to act without his orders. He became a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1934. [5] Beria also had a brother (name unknown), and a deaf sister named Anna. Alternative versions have him shot or strangled months before, with a double standing trial in December. [52], Women also submitted to Beria's sexual advances in exchange for the promise of freedom for imprisoned relatives. Stalin personally never thought much of it, and neither commented publicly on his performance nor awarded him recognition (i.e. Example sentences with "Lavrentiy Beria", translation memory. [citation needed], When Beria finally realised what was happening and plaintively appealed to Malenkov (an old friend) to speak for him, Malenkov silently hung his head and pressed a button on his desk. In 1919 he graduated from the Baku Polytechnical School for Mechanical Construction. "[55] After taking an interest in Marshal of the Soviet Union Kliment Voroshilov's daughter-in-law during a party at their summer dacha, Beria shadowed their car closely all the way back to the Kremlin, terrifying Voroshilov's wife. [7] While in prison, he formed a connection with Nina Gegechkori (1905–1991)[8] his cellmate's niece, and they eloped on a train. On 26 June 1953, Beria was arrested and held in an undisclosed location near Moscow. When Beria's fall from power began, Sarkisov passed the list to Viktor Abakumov, the former wartime head of SMERSH and now chief of the MGB – the successor to the NKVD. The cost of the war still weighed heavily on the Soviet economy. With Stalin gone, Beria quickly came to an understanding with Georgi Malenkov, an old ally, and was given the combined ministries of State Security and Internal Affairs, which put him in control of both the secret and the regular police as well as a small private army of infantry divisions. He questioned the traditional policy of Russification and encouraged local officials to assert their own identities. Shortly after Stalin's death, Beria announced triumphantly to the Politburo that he had "done [Stalin] in" and "saved [us] all", according to Molotov's memoirs. Lavrentiy Beria is one of the most infamous politicians of the 20th century, whose activities are still widely discussed in modern society. His wife and son were sent to a Siberian labour camp. At that time, a Bolshevik revolt took place in the Menshevik-controlled Democratic Republic of Georgia, and the Red Army subsequently invaded. He then raped her, telling her: "Scream or not, it doesn't matter." Beria is a significant character in the opening chapters of the 1998 novel Archangel by British novelist Robert Harris. Pravda did not announce Beria's arrest until 10 July, crediting it to Malenkov and referring to Beria's "criminal activities against the Party and the State". Based on Beria's statements, other leaders suspected that in the wake of the uprising, he might be willing to trade the reunification of Germany and the end of the Cold War for massive aid from the United States, as had been received in World War II. The government officially admitted that there had been some injustice and "excesses" during the purges, which were blamed entirely on Yezhov. A special tribunal was set up. [30], Stalin's death prevented a final purge of Old Bolsheviks Mikoyan and Molotov, for which Stalin had been laying the groundwork in the year prior to his death. Beria was 54, if it was really him. [9] She was 17, a trained scientist from an aristocratic family. In the uneasy silence following the cessation of Stalin's last agonies, Beria was the first to dart forward to kiss his lifeless form (a move likened by Sebag-Montefiore to "wrenching a dead King's ring off his finger"). Beria (DEMOCRATIE TOTALITARISME) | Thom, Françoise | ISBN: 9782204101585 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. [15][16], With Stalin nearing 70, a concealed struggle for succession amongst his entourage dominated Kremlin politics in the post-war years. During his years at the helm of the Georgian OGPU, Beria effectively destroyed the intelligence networks that Turkey and Iran had developed in the Soviet Caucasus, while successfully penetrating the governments of these countries with his agents. Beria's mother, Marta Ivanovna, was a deeply religious, church-going woman (she spent so much time in church that she died there); she was previously married and widowed before marrying Beria's father, Pavel Khukhaevich Beria, a landowner fr… On December 17th, Rudenko’s office announced that Beria and six accomplices, encouraged by foreign intelligence agencies, had been conspiring for many years to seize power in the Soviet Union in order to restore capitalism. The Polytechnicum's curriculum concentrated on the petroleum industry. März 1899 greg. These operations were aimed by Stalin – initially tangentially, but with time more directly – at Beria. Although banned in the Soviet Union for its semi-allegorical critique of Stalinism, it premiered at the 1987 Cannes Film Festival, winning the FIPRESCI Prize, Grand Prize of the Jury, and th… Lavrenty Beria in Worldwar Lavrenty Beria (1899-1963) was head of the NKVD in the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin and Vyacheslav Molotov until he was killed leading a coup to overthrow the latter. They immediately burst in, seized Beria and manhandled him away. sovjetski je političar, šef policije i ratni zločinac. "[54] Sarkisov reported that Beria had contracted syphilis during the war, for which he was secretly treated (a fact Beria later admitted during his interrogation). Lavrenti Pavlovitš Beria (gruusia ლავრენტი ბერია, vene Лаврентий Павлович Берия; 29. märts (vkj 17. märts) 1899 Merheuli, Suhhumi ringkond, Khuthaisi kubermang – 23. detsember 1953 Moskva) oli Nõukogude Liidu riigitegelane, Nõukogude Liidu marssal (9. juuli 1945 – 31. detsember 1953), Jossif Stalini lähemaid kaastöölisi Nõukogude Liidu juhtkonnas. [citation needed], As "der Kleine Große Mann" Beria appears as the lover of one of the leading characters, Christine, in the 2014 novel Das achte Leben (Für Brilka) (translated as The Eighth Life (For Brilka)) by Nino Haratischwili. In 1926, Beria became head of the Georgian OGPU; Sergo Ordzhonikidze, head of the Transcaucasian party, introduced him to fellow-Georgian Iosef Dzhughashvili, later known as Joseph Stalin. Er besuchte eine polytechnische Schule in Baku und war in einem illegalen marxistischen Studienkreis als Schatzmeister tätig.. Geheimdienstler in Aserbaidschan und Georgien. Leben. Lavrentij Pavlovítsj Beria (Лавре́нтий Па́влович Бе́рия á kyrillísku letri; ლავრენტი პავლეს ძე ბერია á georgísku) (29. mars 1899 – 23. desember 1953) var sovéskur stjórnmálamaður, hermarskálkur Sovétríkjanna og lengi formaður leyniþjónustunnar NKVD í stjórnartíð Jósefs Stalín. In the novel, both men are on the same side, serving an alternate-world Catholic Empire. He now improbably began to urge an easing of Stalinism that went further than his colleagues were ready for. Order of Victory), as he did for most other Soviet Marshals. This fits an account from Khrushchev's perspective. Beria was born out of wedlock in Merkheuli, near Sukhumi, in the Sukhumi district of Kutaisi governorate (now Gulripshi District, Georgia, then part of the Russian Empire). [12] The NKVD was purged next, with half of its personnel replaced by Beria loyalists, many of them from the Caucasus. According to historian Amy Knight, "Smith noted that Beria's escapades were common knowledge among embassy personnel because his house was on the same street as a residence for Americans, and those who lived there saw girls brought to Beria's house late at night in a limousine."[59]. Involved in revolutionary activities from his teens and head of the secret police in Georgia in his twenties, he supervised the ruthless 1930s purges in the region and arrived in Moscow in 1938 as deputy to Nikolai Yezhov, ‘the blood-thirsty dwarf’, head of the Soviet secret police. He joined the Bolshevik wing of the Communist Party in 1917 and was active in Stalin's native Georgia during the October 1917 Revolution. Similar investigations in Poland and other Soviet satellite countries occurred at the same time. Car, suivant la définition, je le suis peut-être mais je ne suis pas pour autant criminel de guerre ? Khrushchev then tried to draw Malenkov to his side, warning that "Beria is sharpening his knives". en After the death of Stalin and Lavrentiy Beria, the preparations for the trial were stopped and the arrested persons were released. The project was extremely labour-intensive. In 1942, when the Race 's Conquest Fleet invaded Earth, Beria was critical to … [30] Alliluyeva noticed how the Politburo seemed openly frightened of Beria and unnerved by his bold display of ambition. Lavrenti Beria. He first turned to Georgia, where Stalin's fabricated Mingrelian affair was called off and the republic's key posts were replaced by pro-Beria Georgians. Toutes les recherches récentes seront supprimées. Bunker, where Lavrentiy Beria was executed On 26 June 1953, Beria was arrested and held in an undisclosed location near Moscow. Zhdanov had served as the Communist Party leader in Leningrad during the war, and by 1946 had charge of all cultural matters. [citation needed], At Beria's trial in 1953, it became known that he had committed numerous rapes during the years he was NKVD chief. During the postwar years, Beria supervised installation of Communist regimes in the countries of Eastern Europe and hand-picked the Soviet-backed leaders. Alfred the Great: The Most Perfect Man in History. 1556332. In the mid 1990s, the skeletal remains of several young women were discovered in the garden of his Moscow villa (now the Tunisian Embassy). Yezhov was executed in 1940, and one account says he was personally strangled by Beria. [37][38], To consolidate power, Beria also took steps to recognise the rights of non-Russian nationalities. [citation needed], Beria and all the other defendants were sentenced to death on the day of the trial. Bald and bespectacled, by the time of Stalin’s death in 1953 he was one of the most hated men in the country. Accounts of Beria's fall vary considerably. [citation needed], Beria and the others were tried by a "special session" (специальное судебное присутствие) of the Supreme Court of the Soviet Union on 23 December 1953 with no defence counsel and no right of appeal. © Copyright 2021 History Today Ltd. Company no. The Gulag system provided tens of thousands of people for work in uranium mines and for the construction and operation of uranium processing plants. Beria undertook some measures of liberalisation immediately after Stalin's death. Accounts of what happened vary considerably, but it seems that Beria’s downfall was engineered by Nikita Khrushchev, secretary to the Party Central Committee, who quietly secured the support of other powerful figures, including Malenkov and a number of generals. The document was signed by an LB, believed by Grant (and the mysterious Tip Tok-Toh) to be Lavrentiy Beria (written as Lavrenti Beria in the novel). In 1941, Beria was made a Commissar General of State Security, the highest quasi-military rank within the Soviet police system of that time, effectively comparable to a Marshal of the Soviet Union. In 1919 he graduated from the Baku Polytechnical School for Mechanical Construction. WikiMatrix. After Stalin's death, Beria was appointed First Deputy Premier and reappointed head of the MVD, which he merged with the MGB. Životopis. 1"), which built and tested a bomb by 29 August 1949. Beria was deprived of all titles and awards on December 23, 1953. 794/B) to Stalin in which he stated that the Polish prisoners of war kept at camps and prisons in western Belarus and Ukraine were enemies of the Soviet Union, and recommended their execution. In the 1958 CBS production of "The Plot to Kill Stalin" for Playhouse 90, Beria was portrayed by E. G. Marshall. By 1935, Beria had become one of Stalin's most trusted subordinates. When Stalin fell unconscious again, Beria immediately stood and spat. This was the pre-arranged signal to Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov and a group of armed officers in a nearby room, who burst in and arrested Beria. Beria was taken aback and said, ‘What’s going on, Nikita?’, and Khrushchev told him he would soon find out. [5][6] Beria's mother, Marta Jaqeli (1868–1955), was deeply religious and church-going (she spent much time in church and died in a church building). [citation needed], Before and during the war, Beria directed Sarkisov to keep a list of the names and phone numbers of the women he had sex with. Un avion de la seconde guerre mondiale découvert dans les eaux australiennes. He cemented his place in Stalin's entourage with a lengthy oration titled, "On the History of the Bolshevik Organisations in Transcaucasia" (later published as a book), which emphasised Stalin's role. In the following months, Abakumov started carrying out important operations without consulting Beria, often working in tandem with Zhdanov, and on Stalin's direct orders. In 1920 or 1921 (accounts vary) Beria joined the Cheka, the original Bolshevik secret police. In February 1941, Beria became Deputy chairman of the Council of People's Commissars, and in June, following Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union, he became a member of the State Defense Committee (GKO). She was a widow before marrying Beria's father, Pavel Khukhaevich Beria (1872–1922), a landowner from Abkhazia. As a student, Beria distinguished himself in mathematics and the sciences. During his time at Baku, Beria joined the Bolshevik faction of the Communist Party and was actively engaged in counterintelligence and revolutionary activity in Georgia. 1 History 1.1 Early Life 1.2 Political Career 2 See also Beria was born in Merkheuli, near Sukhum, in the Sukhum district of Kutaisi governorate of modern Georgia (then part of Imperial Russia). The first page of Beria's notice (oversigned by Stalin), to kill approximately 15,000 Polish officers and some 10,000 more intellectuals in the Katyn Forest and other places in the Soviet Union Nestor Lakoba, Nikita Khrushchev, Lavrenti Beria and Aghasi Khanjian during the opening of the Moscow Metro in 1936. Lavrenti Pavlovich Beria, the head of Joseph Stalin 's dreaded secret police apparatus, was born in Merkheuli, Russia, on March 29, 1899. "As Lavrenti Beria stood over Joseph Stalin's deathbed in early March 1953, witnesses observed that he could barely contain his pleasure in watching the leader edge toward his final moments of life." [46] Beria was executed separately; he allegedly pleaded on his knees before collapsing to the floor wailing. English: Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria (Georgian: ლავრენტი ბერია, Lavrenti Pavles dze Beria; Russian: Лаврентий Павлович Берия; 29 March, 1899 – 23 December, 1953) was a Soviet politician and chief of the Soviet security and police apparatus. After being arrested, he was tried for treason and other offenses, sentenced to death, and executed on 23 December 1953. After 1946, Beria formed an alliance with Malenkov to counter Zhdanov's rise. Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria (or Beriya) is a Georgian politician and the current Chairman of the Central Committee of the Menshevik Party and Minister of War of Georgia. He took control of the manufacture of armaments, and (with Georgy Malenkov) aircraft and aircraft engines. [64], Georgian chief of Soviet secret police under Stalin, "Beria" redirects here. Khrushchev became Party Secretary. Over 100,000 people were released from the labour camps. The Cheka became heavily involved in the conflict, which resulted in the defeat of the Mensheviks and the formation of the Georgian SSR. Lavrenti Pavlovich Beria was a Georgian, like Stalin, who called him ‘my Himmler’. - WW2 Gravestone", "The Secret Speech/The Scramble For Power", Bibliography of Stalinism and the Soviet Union, Stalin's Peasants: Resistance and Survival in the Russian Village after Collectivization, Everyday Stalinism: Ordinary Life in Extraordinary Times: Soviet Russia in the 1930s, An outline of the Russian Supreme Court decision of 29 May 2000, Annotated bibliography for Lavrentiy Beria from the Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues, Lavrenty Beria performed by Bob Hoskins and other russian historical celebrities played by foreign stars, Newspaper clippings about Lavrentiy Beria, 19th Presidium of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 18th Politburo of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks),, Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union members, People's Commissars and Ministers of the Soviet Union, First convocation members of the Soviet of the Union, Second convocation members of the Soviet of the Union, Third convocation members of the Soviet of the Union, First Secretaries of the Georgian Communist Party, Nuclear weapons program of the Soviet Union, People of World War II from Georgia (country), Recipients of the Order of Suvorov, 1st class, Recipients of the Order of the Red Banner, People executed for treason against the Soviet Union, Members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union executed by the Soviet Union, Executed Soviet people from Georgia (country), People from Georgia (country) executed by the Soviet Union, People executed by the Soviet Union by firearm, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from May 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Georgian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Medal "25 Years of the Mongolian People's Revolution" (Mongolia). [49] Beria's body was cremated and the remains buried in Communal Grave No. For the town in Australia, see, People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs (, First Deputy Premier and Soviet triumvirate. Concurrently, the Soviet press began an anti-Semitic propaganda campaign, euphemistically termed the "struggle against rootless cosmopolitanism". [54], Stalin, and other high-ranking Soviets, expressed distrust of Beria. [63], In 2012, his alleged personal diary from 1938 to 1953 was published in Russia. Later, Beria returned to Georgia to work for the Soviet secret police, known as the Cheka – the Extraordinary Commission. Lavrenti Beria Tout-puissant chef de la police soviétique Beria a été pendant de longues années le bras droit de Staline. [citation needed]. Beria, who went on to run the Soviet network of slave-labour camps, was notorious for his sadistic enjoyment of torture and his taste for beating and raping women and violating young girls. [14] All these groups were deported to Soviet Central Asia (see "Population transfer in the Soviet Union"). J'ai supprimé cette phrase : \"Notoirement libidineux, il lui arrivera d'enlever des femmes juste pour satisfaire ses désirs sexuels.\" ainsi que cet étrange commentaire ajouté aujourd'hui : (à voir: Beria était apparemment un très bon père de famille, mais il lui est arrivé d'avoir des maitresses aidé en cela par son statut) Déjà qu'on nous explique ce que veux dire \"notoirement libidineux\" ! In June 1937, he said in a speech, "Let our enemies know that anyone who attempts to raise a hand against the will of our people, against the will of the party of Lenin and Stalin, will be mercilessly crushed and destroyed."[11].